Tuesday, June 30, 2020
In his minimalist short story Save as Many as You Ruin, British author Simon Van Booy comments on the human concept of fate, and how a series of random life events can bring forth the feeling of inevitability. The story is told from the point of view of a third-person narrator who is closely tied to Gerard, the main character, and has insight into his past and thoughts and feelings. Thus, the actual plot of the story is supported by GerardÃ¢â¬â¢s continuous stream of consciousness which allows the reader to always know what he is thinking. In the first part of the short story, Gerard is walking around New York City. This serves as an introduction to GerardÃ¢â¬â¢s way of reasoning and, more importantly, the past events which shaped him as a per- son. The actual story line is sparse and does not begin until Gerard sees his old flame, Laurel, through a shop window.Gerard is a man of a great contemplative nature. His thoughts reveal that he thinks deeply about everything, and associ ates and connects the things which he has experienced. His streams of thought are associative as he jumps from one idea to another, revealing a complex inner life where he is constantly aware of himself and his surroundings. In the very beginning of the short story, as Gerard walks through the streets of New York as night is falling, the sight of his footprints in the snow invoke the lively image of an Indigenous American who once inhabited the forests and came to be Manhattan. Shortly thereafter, Gerards mind wanders and he contemplates the fugitive nature of his own existence;Ã¢â¬Å"Gerard thinks of his own footprints and how soon they will disappear. He exhales into the world and his breath disappears () He wonders if his life is an extraordinary one.Ã¢â¬ Among other things, it is contemplations like these that give the short story an air of melancholy. The mood is generally downbeat, as Gerard seems to be haunted by a slight Weltschmerz due to the passing of Issy, the mother o f his child, and his separation from Laurel, the only woman he ever loved. Though as his daughter, Lucy, crosses Gerards mind, he Ã¢â¬Å"feels stabbing loveÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â a powerful image which reveals his excruciatingly strong attachment to the little girl. As a way of making up for his past problematic relationships with women, Gerard is secure in his devotion to his child, one of the few things in life that makes him happy. He has set his mind on being a good, single father.In addition, weather symbolism adds to the short storyÃ¢â¬â¢s inherent sense of nostalgia and dis- piritedness. As Gerard wanders around the city, it is cold and snow is coming down, creating the perfect backdrop for a nostalgic stroll tinged with sadness. However, when Laurel and Gerard are about to exit the shop, the weather has turned into an icy blizzard from which they must seek refuge in a taxi, which helps to move the story forward. Contrary to quietly falling snow, a blizzard it creates an sense of drama, which suits GerardÃ¢â¬â¢s emotional response to his reunion with Laurel. At the same time, when one is inside watching a blizzard rage through a window, it can be strangely calming, inspiring tender closeness with loved ones. Quite fittingly, Gerard and Laurel make love next to lit scented candles during the blizzard.Van Booy also uses the symbol of footprints throughout the story. The footprints which people leave in sand or snow have become common symbols of the physical impact human beings leave behind on Earth. Gerard is concerned with his own legacy which he regards as short-lived and, most likely, ordinary. The reference to the movie The Invisible Man reveals that footprints can just as easily be testimonies to human wrongdoings in spite of the fact that they are as evanescent as the snow that holds them.The short story ends with an episode where Gerard is overwhelmed by a feeling that can best be described as Kierkegaardian angst;Ã¢â¬Å"All of a sudden he feels a chill like cold water down his back. The tumbler of scotch slips from his fingers and shatters on the floor () His heart leaps into his throat. Someone was there, he could have sworn it.Ã¢â¬ At midnight in the raging blizzard, Gerard senses the presence of something in his apartment. At first, this scares him enormously but when he realises that what is present at that very moment is not a person, nor a divine being, but fate itself, he experiences an epiphany; all of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s events, however tragic or unfortunate they appeared to be as they unfolded, are but blessings in disguise:Ã¢â¬Å"Gerard feels as though he is being followed, that there are voices he canÃ¢â¬â¢t hear, that the foot- steps of snow on the window are just that, and like LucyÃ¢â¬â¢s conception Ã¢â¬â life is a string of guided and subtle explosions.Ã¢â¬ With reference to Lucy, thelight of his life who, at the time of her conception, seemed a great tragedy, Gerard realizes that life events are guide d by fate because they all serve a purpose. This also explains GerardÃ¢â¬â¢s newfound confidence in the fact that Laurel will soon move in with him Ã¢â¬â his encounter with fate leaves him more sensitive to understanding its plan and heightens his intuition for knowing what is to come.Save as Many as You Ruin is thus the story of a man whose self-doubt and unlucky destiny is turned around in a matter of hours. The encounter with the love of his life goes well and leaves open the possibility that a flame will be relit between them. His relationship with his beloved daughter is also as good as ever, and though a blizzard is raging outside, these positive events lead to Gerard experience an intense feeling of order in his life. The occurrences, which seemed unfavorable and pointless at the beginning of the story, suddenly feel foreordained; cosmos has been restored. The short story seems to suggest that love and a confidence in lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s overall goodness is needed to avoid fee lings of depression and anxiety. If we believe strongly enough and guard ourselves with patience, coincidental happenings can become meaningful moments in the path to future happiness. Like Kierkegaard, who created the concept of angst as a profound anxiety caused by a disbelief in lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s meaning, the short story suggests that life can only be understood backwards, though it must be lived forwards.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Depression and Diet and Depression and Dieting In order to reduce depression and fight off lethargy and apathy, it is important to regularly eat adequately. Having insufficient meals is sometimes referred to as under-nutrition. Under-nutrition is usually a result of inadequate food intake, dietary imbalances, and deficiencies of specific nutrients. Not eating regularly can have a severe consequence on an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s health and wellbeing, as well as quality of life. The impacts that inadequate eating can have on the general health and wellbeing range from reduced quality of life and ability of working, to taking care of oneself. In addition, undernourished patients also have more GP visits and hospital admissions (Marks et al, 2012, pp. 4-7). Depressed patients who do not eat sufficiently are chronically underweight and thus susceptible to acute illnesses. One of the reasons for which people do not eat adequately is depression. However, the consequences of not eating regularl y are far and wide. The y include: weight loss, impaired immune system, which eventually slows wound healing and increase the risk of pressure sores, vitamin deficiency, muscle wasting and weakness, impaired respiratory or cardiac function and mobility and unfit dentures. We will write a custom essay sample on Depression and diet or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Eventually, the patient may be more depressed than usual, culminating in general lethargy and sluggishness (Abbott Nutrition, 2012, pp. 7-9). To reduce malnutrition, patients should be motivated to eat and drink normal foods. Once they eat regular meals, they will acquire strength to reduce apathy and general body weakness quickly. Should the patients fail to gain weight owing to their poor appetite, food and drinks can be enriched thus providing them with more calories and proteins (Gill, 2012, pp. 2-7). The quantity of food usually remains constant. For instance, a double cream or cheese may be mixed with soups and mashed potatoes and vaporized milk may be mixed with jellies. Further, the patient may consult a dietician. Nutritional enhancements or sip feeds may also be suggested. Be that as it may, this should serve as a last resort since real food must be the better option (Dyball and Rock, 2011, pp. 16-18). Adrenal fatigue is the avenue through which respiratory infections, allergies, asthma, rhinitis, fibromyalgia, frequent colds, hypoglycemia and diabetes II attack the human body. The ability to undertake laborious activities such as sex, and add metabolism supporting muscles in order to burn fat and live healthily, is highly influenced by adrenals.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
When the term Global Warming is mention, people often think of it as a progression in change of climate. Climate change, according to Kaufmann and Cleveland Ã¢â¬Å"is a shift in the long-term average weatherÃ¢â¬ . (pg. 269) Climate change can either refer to a decrease in average temperatures meaning a colder environment, or it can be increase in temperature resulting in a much warmer environment. Several factors are responsible for theses changes in climate a few examples being solar changes and emission and reabsorption of carbon into the atmosphere. It seems as though there are many conflicting theories and opinions on global warming, which is why it can be difficult understanding what exactly it means. We are told that climate change isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They have control group that represents the natural variability and then they compare their results to see if significant climate change did in fact occur. One study done on climate change in somewhat recent years stated Ã¢â¬Å"In February 2005 scientists announced that 2004 was the fourth warmest year since 1860, the first year for which scientists have reasonably reliable direct measurements of EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s average temperature. Nine of the warmest years since 1860 have occurred since 1990. This string of warm years is unlikely to be the result of random change.Ã¢â¬ (Kaufmann and Cleveland, pg. 277) These findings show a clear detection in climate change, more specifically an increase in climate change. Once climate change has been detected it is important to find out what factors exactly caused the changes. This is called attribution. Ã¢â¬Å"Attribution is the process of establishing a cause-and-effect relationship between human activity and the observed change in climate.Ã¢â¬ (Kaufmann and Cleveland, pg. 280) Attribution is important in determining the different causes of climate change and distinguishing how much of that change is related to natural factors and how much of it is m an made. Understanding the difference is important because although a certain amount of natural changes is expected, being aware of our own attributions will likely help society determine new ways to reduce the rate at which we effect the climate change. The ultimate goal
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Wikileaks main goal has been finding the truth of topics wanted to be hidden to the public, and in this case their power was used to protect Tunisia. The procedure used to spread the truth may not be the most appropriate. It is the truth, and it will always be better to hear the crude reality than some beautiful lie. Ã¢â¬Å"The ends justify the meansÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âNiccolo Machiavelli. In some societies such as Tunisia, wikileaks has been so helpful that their fight has gone from virtual to physical. This is Wikileaks utopia, where a population gets together and embraces the fight against their government in order to defend their rights as a country. In Tunisia people did go out to protest and stand for their freedom of speech right, and all this began in the web. Tunisians had enough in their plate already, this was just the drop that spilled the glass. In the past weeks prior freedom of speech strikes, Tunisia was in a very bad shape. First of all food prices were going up at the same time as the unemployment rate. Past two characteristics are red flags for any government. On top of all this, corruption scandals were making the people even angrier. Officially, TunisiaÃ¢â¬â¢s case is the first time that wikileaks makes a population take actions in their own hands. These protests are also about the countrys utter lack of freedom of expression including when it comes to WikiLeaks. The only way that a society would achieve the status of real democracy is having freedom of
The year is 2325 and this researcher has come upon a time capsule entombed beneath a long forgotten memorial in Washington D.C. When this researcher opened the time capsule there was a note dated December 31, 1969 that read Ã¢â¬Å"Within this time capsule is evidence of a time gone by but within it is our hope for the future and we are hoping that whomever reads this in the future sees that our ideas about a peaceful, accepting and proud America have held true in the time that you open this humble boxÃ¢â¬ . This researcher removed five items all from the decade of the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s; that hold great significance to the decade. The first item is a reel of film labeled Ã¢â¬Å"Walter Cronkite: Man on the MoonÃ¢â¬ . The second item was a bit curious; this item was aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Born to a socialist father who was also an early advocate of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s suffrage, from him Margaret Sanger inherited her political pluck. This woman spent her life helping women take control of their own bodies and be educated; she is responsible for the plight of women in being able to reversibly prevent pregnancy through the use of a drug she pushed to get created known as Ã¢â¬Å"The PillÃ¢â¬ . Margaret Sanger was over 80 years old when the first pills became available and by the end of the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s there were many millions of women using the new form of birth control even though the Catholic Church and some states considered it vulgar and obscene and outlawed the use in preventing p regnancy. Ultimately this progressive change in thought and culture to women being able to control their own fertility and therefore be able to work outside the home; this also created a counter culture Ã¢â¬Å"sexual revolutionÃ¢â¬ where women felt freer to express their own sexuality without the fear of becoming pregnant Ã¢â¬â while others saw this a moral decay of individuals and family. Conclusively the majority of people are happy with the results of Margaret Sanger work to provide women with a safe and healthy choice in preventing pregnancy but other are happy that only part of her philosophies were adopted byShow MoreRelatedEvolution of Cognitive Psychology1054 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEvolution of Cognitive Psychology Cognitive psychology is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the scientific study of mental processesÃ¢â¬ (Riegler Riegler 2008, p. 1). During the 1960s, cognitive psychology became an emerging presence in the field of psychology. During this time period, attention to the study of Ã¢â¬Å"how internal states, such as thoughts, feelings, and moods influence behaviorÃ¢â¬ (Cherry 2010, p. 12). Cognitive psychology studies how individuals think, comprehend language, and form beliefs. Human developmentRead MoreCognitive Psychology Essay1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessubject provides practitioners a comprehensive view of the subject matter (Dr. King, 2012). 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Question: Write a brief reports on "Business Communication for Managers". Answer: Launching online services for Branded and Generic Drugs Australian Pharmaceutical Industries; one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in Australia is indulged in a 3-in-one function of Wholesale distribution, manufacturing and retailing of medicinal drugs and health supplements all throughout the continent (Healthy past, beautiful future, 2011). The company was incorporated in 1910 as Chemists Co-operative of New South Wales Limited and was later became familiar as Wholesale Drug Co before taking up the name in 1971 by which the company is known today. The company set forth acquiring the Newsman Western Pharmaceuticals in the year 1996 along with Aimed Supplies Australia in the following year (Merck Co., Inc. v. Louisiana Wholesale Drug Company, Inc., et al. (Supreme Court of the United States On Petition for a Writ of Certiorari to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit Brief of Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioner, 2012). The company reached a level of its success when it was listed in the Australian stock exchange in 1997 (Bugeja and Sinelnikov, 2012). With its retail brands of Priceline Pharmacy, Priceline house and Price Attack from the New Price Retail Business on 6th October 2004; the API restructured its functioning moving towards the expansion of its business and focused primarily on the its pharmaceutical manufacturing, distribution and retail services (Anderson, 2009). Health and Beauty product is the target area of for the company serving under the brand name of Priceline, Soul Pattison, Priceline Pharmacy and Pharmacist Advice. While the company has successfully market its stance in offline business; it is now heading forward to mark its move with online services. With the advancement in the tech world; a number of pharmaceutical companies around the world have successfully commenced their business in the e-commerce market serving customers across the world. Winning over the Australian market; API now aims at extending its reach to supply customers world-wide with health and beauty supplements (Zdziebko, 2012). Though it might sound easy; but launching a new service is not way too easy for any company. For marking your role as a multi-national company and commencing successfully with the services; a company first needs to address its stakeholders about its business venture making them clear about the target area and the prospects involved (World of work report 2010, 2010). However; not all stakeholders can be convinced with the same work report addressing the cause, strategy and success defined. It is the responsibility of the business organization to prepare reports on its business proposal in such a way that the stakeholders get easily convinced adhering to the same. Addressing here to 3 stakeholder groups i.e. Government, employees and general public. These 3 stakeholder groups must be addressed properly as because while the government will be providing API with the license; the employees shall be directly involved in reaching out the services to the customers and the general public are the ones who are taken as the target audience (Ellickson and Logsdon, 2002). This calls for the preparation of an efficient strategy as the aim of the strategy is to point out the benefits to the stakeholder groups which they will be deriving if the plan is properly executed. What benefit shall I derive from this business move is what these entire stakeholder group wonders. API must make sure that such a media strategy is taken that clearly helps the groups in understanding their benefits so as to contribute to the benefit of each other which is why a proper medium of strategy communication is necessary. Government: (Word Report) With the growing years; advancement has been noticed in the technological world with Internet taking over the market. From developing contact with friends and family members through social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, Google+; Internet has now become the preferential area of the general public for shopping (Fonner and Roloff, 2008). Reports on the importance of Internet have shown that General Public can be best and most easily reached and convinced by a company for expansion of its service only when the same enjoys prominence over the internet. Also dwelling in this 21st century; life has become too busy for most unable to make time moving out for shopping; be it for household goods or for catering personal needs. This has given birth to a number of companies like Flipkart, Amazon, Myntra, Vogue, Snapdeal and other such conducting business online serving the customers with goods which can be reached just at a click of the mouse (Thompson, 2012). However; it is also noticed that people only get access to their household goods, cosmetics, apparels and accessories shopping online but have to make a move searching out for a pharmaceutical company to get their requisite life-saving drugs and health supplements. With such a busy schedule ahead; they hardly get to find time for making the transaction and hate standing in the queue for making the billing. Over the world many keeping these problems into concern; many pharmaceutical companies have started functioning online making sure that people keeping pace with their busy schedule gets to buy their medicinal drugs to have a check on their health. Apart from this; it is true that not all people enjoy equal social stature and a sound financial background to continue purchasing themselves and their family members with the requisite drugs necessary for maintaining a sound health (Priest and Dummett, 2012). With all these concern as our priority; we at API aim at serving our customers with both branded and generic drugs to ensure equal health standards throughout the continent and the world. Though you are familiar with the branded medicines; Generic drugs might be sounding something new to you. These Generic drugs are the counterparts of their branded products which come at a price at least 70% less than the branded supplements. The generic drugs are actually meant for offering life care remedies to those people dwelling in the remote areas of the country and have been till date been neglected from the requisite health care needs (A review of the differences and similarities between generic drugs and their originator counterparts, including economic benefits associated with usage of generic medicines, using Ireland as a case study, 2013). They even kept themselves away from the life-saving drugs because of its high price which is why we are concerning most on the generic drugs so as to ensure equal health for everyone alike equal freedom opportunities granted by the government for every citizens (Laborde, 2014). Because of the low price of these drugs; they shall take up to its purchase to ensure themselves a better health standard and keeping away the infectious germs from causing any health disruption. From sleep deprivation syndromes to simple fever; we intend to supply generic and branded drugs for every such health disorder case. General Public: (Press Release) Subject Line: Launching Online services for Generic and Branded Drugs News Release: This report aims at informing the general public about the new online services on generic and branded drugs which a renowned Australian pharmaceutical company is coming up with. 23rd May 2016 Australian Pharmaceutical Industries With the aim of serving the general public with easy access to life saving drugs while relaxing at home or working at the office; API is all set with the launch of its online transaction of both generic and branded drugs. Studies have reported that keeping pace with the busy schedule; people are finding it difficult to make a move for offline dealings catering their personal requirements. These include apparels, daily use products, household needs as well as life-saving drugs. Understanding the problem of offline shopping; many companies dealing with products such as electronic appliances, accessories, apparels, household goods and other such; companies such as Flipkart, Snapdeal, Amazon, Myntra and many have come up with their online shopping portal making it easy for customers around the world to reach easy access over their requisite product. However while the general public found sound and convenient access over such products; they somewhere find it difficult managing to make a move for getting the drugs necessary for keep their health issues in control. Reports state that hypertension, diabetes, cholesterol, thyroid, neurological disorders and presently the sleep disorder cases throw a risk to th e overall human health. Unfortunately; keeping busy with the daily professional life, most people forget about their personal health, avoid taking requisite medicines as they lack time to buy them and at the end encounter serious life threats. While you take care of your professional and family life; API aims at taking care of your personal health which is why we are coming up with our online pharmaceutical transaction so as to make sure that you get all the drugs and health care supplements to maintain a healthy life. From branded drugs to generic drugs; we are ready to launch all ensuring that equal health standards are set all over the world. Making you more aware of the generic drugs; these drugs cost 70% lesser than the branded counterparts yet offer the same results without any side effects and are mostly meant to serve the people dwelling in the remote sections of the society having a feeble financial background. Final Say: While you are wondering about the category of medicines we will be offering; from those for simple fever to serious cardiac issues; you will be getting every health products just at a click. On an addition; we will be offering free home delivery with cash or credit payment mode. For more details; either you can drop us a mail or can call our customer support service who are always ready to report you. References A review of the differences and similarities between generic drugs and their originator counterparts, including economic benefits associated with usage of generic medicines, using Ireland as a case study. (2013). BioMed Central Ltd. Anderson, C. (2009). Setting Prices on Priceline.Interfaces, 39(4), pp.307-315. Bugeja, M. and Sinelnikov, K. (2012). Public versus private takeovers of Australian stock exchange listed targets.Australian Journal of Management, 37(3), pp.391-414. Ellickson, M. and Logsdon, K. (2002). Determinants of Job Satisfaction of Municipal Government Employees.Public Personnel Management, 31(3), pp.343-358. Fonner, K. and Roloff, M. (2008). Developing the preÃ employment schema.Int J of Org Analysis, 16(4), pp.212-231. Healthy past, beautiful future. (2011). Camelia, NSW: Australian Pharmaceutical Industries. Laborde, C. (2014). EQUAL LIBERTY, NONESTABLISHMENT, AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.Legal Theory, 20(01), pp.52-77. Merck Co., Inc. v. Louisiana Wholesale Drug Company, Inc., et al. (Supreme Court of the United States) On Petition for a Writ of Certiorari to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit Brief of Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioner. (2012).Biotechnology Law Report, 31(6), pp.619-624. Priest, V. and Dummett, H. (2012). PHP10 Australia's Rule of Rescue and the Life Saving Drugs Programme: Same-Same But Different?.Value in Health, 15(4), pp.A14-A15. Thompson, C. (2012). New FDA law will help preserve production of "life-saving" drugs.American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 69(16), pp.1352-1354. World of work report 2010. (2010). Geneva: International Labour Office. Zdziebko, T. (2012). E-Commerce Customers Preference Implicit Identification.Folia Oeconomica Stetinensia, 11(1).
Question: Discuss about the Turnaround and Retrenchment Strategy for Pacific Brands. Answer: Introduction As explained by Grant, et al., (2014), strategic management mainly encompasses strengthening of an organization to make it compete effectively with other groups. In the modern business environment, competition is a key factor in assessing the viability of different firms. Therefore companies must be able to formulate efficiently, competitive strategies that would ensure they remain profitable, (Schmitt Raisch, 2013, p. 1216) In Australia, there is a stiff competition between firms. Therefore, different organizations come up with various strategies to ensure they retain their customers, acquire new customers or adopt a more efficient mode of operation. In its attempts to avoid being kicked out of the market, Pacific Brands formulated a turnaround and retrenchment strategy that saw it move its manufacturing operations from Australia to China.(Sharp Zappone, 2009) This decision was influenced by several issues that may be classified as external and internal. The external issues influencing business operations are always caused by the external environmental factors that exist in the business location, (Ahmed, et al., 2006, p. 168). The organization always have no control over such issues External issues in PESTEL PESTEL model can be used to analyze Pacific Brands surrounding. This model gives Political, Economic, Social, Technological Environmental and Legal factors that influence competitive strategies of a firm, (Anton, 2015). These factors relate to Pacific brands and are discussed as follows. Political factors: Australia has not experienced major political conflicts. There has been peace in this country enabling most businesses to thrive. This has made the level of competition very stiff. Most companies have been developed producing and distributing similar products as Pacific Brands. This may contribute to loss of customers by this company, making it move some activities offshore. Economic Factors: According to Tong Wei, 2015, p. 750), economic trends are changes that occur in economic growth. They may be caused by changes in local tax rates, rates of inflation, and changes in trade cycles and declining markets. Cheap textiles and clothes produced by other companies from within and outside Australia and supplied to customers in Australia may have caused this company to lose the market for its main brands, making it move its manufacturing activities to China. This company may have also faced challenges caused by fluctuations in the Australian currency value as compared to the dollar, decreasing its profitability. Social Trends: Changes in consumer behavior is a major determinant of profitability of an organization. A firm should always ensure it supplies products that suit consumer preference and tastes, (Cater Schwab, 2008, p. 42). Most customers may have lost preference for the Pacific brands main productions, like Bonds, Sheridan, and Berley, necessitating relocation. Technological changes: Improvement in technology has enabled businesses to operate more smoothly. Organizations can quickly obtain customers from the internet, and social media, easily advertise their products and execute orders and quick delivery, Thomas, (2007, p. 14). This, in turn, has stiffened competition in the business industry. Pacific Brands may have been affected by stiff competition caused by improved technology, imposing difficulties pricing, market segmentation, and differentiation, as most companies obtain customers over the internet and execute online shopping. Environmental trends: These are changes that occur in the overall surrounding of an organization. They may include changes in climate, and endless ecological variations, (Anton, 2015). Australia faces significant climatic changes, ranging from cold climates in the Southern parts to the scorching climates in Kimberley region, located in the North West. This may have caused changes in preferences to clothes produced by this company. Residents in the southern mountains of Australia would need warm attires, while those in hotter regions require light attires. Some suppliers of clothes may have used this knowledge to supply the right types of clothes to the residents, making them develop less interest on Pacific Brands products. Legal variations: These are trends in the legal structure of the government. The Australian legal compositions may inhibit proper operation of businesses in the country. This could be caused by high and inflexible tax rates and policies. Pacific brands may have experienced this challenge making it move its manufacturing operations to China, where fiscal policies are friendly. The external issues that may have affected Pacific Brands activities in Australia can also be analyzed using SWOT analysis. External issues in SWOT SWOT analysis works to identify, the strengths, Weaknesses Opportunities, and Threats of an entity. An entity should capitalize on its strengths, improve on its weaknesses, determine the opportunities available and exploit them, and eliminate threats it may face, (Tuksel Dagdeviren, 2007, p 3365). Strengths: These refer to the business actual capabilities. They may include better technology, qualified staff and dedicated management, (Ahmed, et al., 2006, p. 162). Pacific brands may relocate its activities offshore to maximize its strengths. The administration of this company is entirely dedicated to ensuring its profitability is maximized. Continuous loss-making due to loss of market for its manufactured products is one of the reasons for its relocation of activities to China. Weaknesses: These are aspects that are not fully developed in the entity. Competitors can take advantage of these weaknesses to kick out a company from the market, (Anton, 2015). Pacific brands have fully established brands. However, its pricing system may not be very flexible to take care of the cheap brands in the market. It has, therefore, experienced difficulties in pricing its products, resulting in loss-making. This may be a major reason why it has decided to move its operations offshore. Opportunities: The Company has seen opportunities from untapped markets in other countries like China and UK. This may be the main reason why it has decided to move its manufacturing activities to China, where it would sell its products efficiently. Threats: These are factors that may hinder proper operation of an organization. A company should eliminate its risks so as to conduct its activities properly, (Tong Wei, 2015, p. 744). In Australia, companies are offering cheap and low-quality products. However, Pacific brands optimize on customer satisfaction and value maximization. This has made it price its products highly. It has therefore lost the market for its manufactured textiles in Australia, making it move its manufacturing activities offshore. Internal issues These are conditions that exist within the business that affects its ability to operate efficiently. These factors may include, management, employees, innovation, the culture of the entity, and financial factors, (Pretorius, 2008, p. 20). Pacific Brands is a textile company, with several employees and customers. Moving some of its operation offshore, caused loss of jobs for its workers in Australia. It also lost its loyal customers in Australia. Management: poor management or lack of proper leadership in management may cause a company to make permanent losses. This results from poor operation mechanisms, (Pearce Robbins, 2008, p. 122). Pacific Brands Company could have faced this problem making it unable to make profits in Australia. Employees: Employees are significant determinants of business success, (Charkrabarti, et al., 2011, p. 7). Lack of motivation to work among the employees could cause the company to be unable to execute its manufacturing functions in Australia. Customers: customers are major players in the marketing activities of any firm. A business must meet customer preferences and taste to win customer loyalty for their products, (Need, 2006). The customers may have abandoned the company's products making it make losses. Innovation: This mainly involves coming up with new ideas. Lack of innovative leadership may have caused the company to be less competitive as compared to other entities operating in Australia. Internal issues in SWOT According to Helms Nixon, 2010, p. 372) SWOT model is a structured planning matrix, which assesses the firm's Strengths, opportunities weaknesses and threats. This tool may be utilized in analyzing the internal environment of Pacific Brands Strengths and weaknesses in the internal environment Strengths: These are the interior features in the business which make it work more appropriately as compared to its competitors, (Tong Wei, 2015, p. 745). Pacific Brands is honest with its strengths. Its ability to produce high-quality products, and is not ready to jeopardize this culture as a weapon for winning the competition in Australia. It may have therefore moved its manufacturing operations offshore to guard its strengths. Weaknesses: These are areas which the company is required to improve on to compete fairly in the market, (Tong Wei, 2015, p. 145). Pacific Brands, may have moved some of its activities offshore, as a way of finding an opportunity to improve on its weaknesses. Such defects may include, diminishing reputation, caused by low-quality brands in the market, loss of image, due to a continuous decline in profits, and deteriorating creditworthiness caused by low returns. Pacific Brands' Stakeholders Stakeholders are people who are interested in the performance of a firm. They may be directly or indirectly affected by the operations of the organization, (Furrer, et al., 2007, p. 376). Stakeholders can be known to the firm or unknown and hostile or friendly to the entity. The organization must always scan the environment to identify and classify its stakeholders, (Furrer, et al., 2007, p. 376). Some of the interested groups found in the case of Pacific brands are as follows; Customer: These are the people who act as a market for the firms products, (Beeri, 2009, p. 132). Loyal customers for this companys brands will be adversely affected, by the shift to offshore operations as they will be unable to acquire the products of their interest quickly. The company will lose the customers in Australia for its manufactured goods. Suppliers: These are people who provide raw materials and services to the enterprise (Beeri, 2009, p. 132). The original suppliers of raw materials for textile manufacturing plant of Pacific Brands in Australia will lose the market for their suppliers. They will, therefore, incur losses as their customer base will decrease. The local community: The local communities benefit directly or indirectly from corporate social responsibility activities of organizations. The Local communities in Australia will negatively be affected by this decision, as they will benefit no more from the socially responsible adventures that were initially carried out by Pacific Brands. Employees: Thousands of workers will lose jobs in Australia. This is a negative impact as these workers will be rendered jobless. The company will acquire new employees for its new manufacturing plant it will situate in China. Competitors: Competitors are a hostile group of stakeholders, (Charkrabarti, et al., 2011, p. 8). Since the company will abandon its Australian markets, the competitors will take advantage of this to increase their sales level. The Government: The government benefits directly from companies as they levy taxes from them. Corporate social responsibility acts executed by entities also relieves the government from the costs it would incur in cleaning the environment and providing for the welfare of the community, (Anisimova, 2016). It will, therefore, suffer due to this move, as it will lose taxes and helpful services that were initially offered. Why most jobs from the company will still be based in Australia. Although the company has moved its manufacturing activities to China, some jobs will remain in Australia. This is because other nonmanufacturing activities are still based in Australia. Retaining other nonmanufacturing activities in the original country of operation may be caused by several reasons. These may include; The cost of operation: The cost of developing an entirely new plant for offshore operations may be expensive, (Beeri, 2009, p. 134). This may cause Pacific Brands to retain some of its operations locally Qualified staff: The Company may be interested in keeping the qualified staff it originally had. This may make it keep some of its operations in Australia, making some employment opportunities retained. The risk of failure: Offshore operations may fail to be profitable, (Chakrabarti, et al., p. 20). For this reason, the company may retain some of its operations locally, so as to prevent total loss. The cost of hiring new staff: the cost of hiring new employees in the offshore activities may be expensive. This may make it necessary for the company to retain some of its local workers, and local operations. Therefore some employees may still get jobs locally from the enterprise. Conclusion In conclusion, this report has analyzed how Pacific Brands Company has used Turnaround and Retrenchment strategy in ensuring that it retains back its profitability and competitive advantage. These policies are necessary whenever competition is high, making the company to be less profitable. The company has therefore used an appropriate strategy, which can make it regain back its reputation, pride, market position and customer base. References Ahmed, A.M., Zairi, M., and Almarri, K.S., 2006. 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